Category Archives: Programming languages

A funny example of C++ code that MS can compile :)

In the code below, static_assert operates on the addresses of local variables, but however MS compiles it and the assertion does not fail:

#include <tuple>
#include <string>
 
struct A
{
    int a;
    double b;
    std::string c;
};
 
void f()
{
    A a{ 1, 3.0, "abc" };
    constexpr auto t1 = std::tie(a.a, a.b, a.c);
    static_assert(&std::get<0>(t1) == &a.a);
}

Use the following command to compile this example:

cl /std:c++17 /EHsc a.cpp
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Basic ideas of version tolerant serialization in C++

Consider the following scenario: there where structure A in an old version of a C++ application:

struct A
{
    double a;
    int b;
    std::string c;
};

An instance of A was serialized into a file in a binary format and after that the application was updated to a new version.

But in the new version of the application structure A was modified by adding fields d and e and deleting field a:

struct A
{
    int b;
    std::vector<int> d;
    bool e;
    std::string c;
};

and the new version of the application needs to deserialize an instance of its new structure A from the file containing old version of A.

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A simple C++ serialization framework

I implemented a simple C++ binary serialization framework that makes a structure or class serializable by adding a macro that usually takes one line of code as shown in the example below:

struct A
{
    bool x;
    int y;

    AWL_SERIALIZABLE(x, y)
};

There is also a macro that makes a structure or a class equatable:

AWL_MEMBERWISE_EQUATABLE(A)
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Parsing GUID in C++ with a regular expression

The code below demonstrates how to parse GUID in C++ using a regular expression:

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <regex>

int main()
{
    static const std::wregex regex(L"[0-9a-fA-F]{8}-[0-9a-fA-F]{4}-[0-9a-fA-F]{4}-[0-9a-fA-F]{4}-[0-9a-fA-F]{12}");
    
    std::wstring sample = L"850fe1da-0ea6-c1a8-9810-0c1cece30698";

    std::match_results<std::wstring::const_iterator> match;

    if (std::regex_match(sample, match, regex))
    {
        std::wcout << L"matches" << std::endl;
    }
    else
    {
        std::wcout << L"does not match" << std::endl;
    }

    return 0;
}
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A simple example demonstrating how std::forward works in C++

For example, std::forward comes to play if I implement a template container with two ‘insert‘ function overloads that take the parameters of type const T & and T && respectively. I implement all the private insertion logic with T&&, but when I need to know the original value type passed to ‘insert‘ method I use std::forward as shown in the example below:

#include <iostream>
#include <string>

class Value
{
public:

    Value(const char * sz) : m_s(sz)
    {
    }

    Value(const Value & other) : m_s(other.m_s)
    {
        std::cout << "copy constructor: " << m_s << std::endl;
    }

    Value(Value && other) : m_s(std::move(other.m_s))
    {
        std::cout << "move constructor: " << m_s << std::endl;
    }

    const std::string & ToString() const
    {
        return m_s;
    }

private:

    std::string m_s;
};
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The string representation of a type is implementation defined in C++

The string representation of a type is implementation defined in C++, for example the following code produce the different output with MSVC, GCC and CLang:

#include <string>
#include <iostream>

struct A {};
class B {};

namespace ns
{
    struct X {};
}

int main()
{
    std::cout << typeid(A).name() << ", " << typeid(B).name() << ", " << typeid(ns::X).name() << ", " << typeid(std::string).name() << std::endl;
    return 0;
}
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Handling errors at compile time in C++

We had a discussion with colleagues on why in the following code we cannot simply use

static_assert(false)

but need to do a trick with ‘always_false’:

#include <type_traits>

template<typename>
struct always_false : std::false_type {};

template<typename Type>
constexpr int Get()
{
    if constexpr (std::is_same_v<Type, int>)
    {
        return 1;
    }
    else if constexpr (std::is_same_v<Type, bool>)
    {
        return 2;
    }
    else {
        static_assert(always_false<Type>::value);
    }
}
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Setting up Vue.js development tools on Windows 10.

I installed Node.js and Vue.js cli with the following commands

npm install -g @vue/cli
npm install -g @vue/cli-init

and a sample application with

vue init webpack-simple my-vue-app
cd my-vue-app
npm install
npm run dev

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PHP script that saves client IP address to a file.

Below I wrote down a simple PHP script that saves client IP address to a file. If the IP address of your home machine periodically changes, you can store it on a web server once a minute by scheduling a task like this:

sudo crontab -u <user> -e
* * * * * wget -q -O /dev/null -o /dev/null "https://yourwebsite.com/ip.php?rig=rig1&password=XXXXX"

where ip.php is the following PHP script:
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How to run WIX bootstrapper application UI with elevated privileges?

WIX bootstrapper application (BA) can easily determine if it runs as admin with the following code:

using System;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Security.Principal;

static bool IsAdmin()
{
    WindowsIdentity id = WindowsIdentity.GetCurrent();
    WindowsPrincipal principal = new WindowsPrincipal(id);
    return principal.IsInRole(WindowsBuiltInRole.Administrator);
}

and if it does not, run a new instance as admin and exit:

static void RunAsAdmin()
{
    ProcessStartInfo proc = new ProcessStartInfo
    {
        UseShellExecute = true,
        WorkingDirectory = Environment.CurrentDirectory,
        FileName = Process.GetCurrentProcess().MainModule.FileName,
        Verb = "runas"
    };

    Process.Start(proc);
}

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